The framework supports continued annual reductions in vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by 2026, encourages innovation to accelerate the transition to electric vehicles, and provides industry with the security it needs to invest and create jobs. This important commitment means that automakers participating in the voluntary agreement will only sell cars to the United States that meet these standards. The 13 states that follow California`s standards, which account for about 40 percent of the U.S. auto market, said they supported the agreements. «This is not a settlement, it`s a contract,» said Mary Nichols, president of the California Air Resources Board. «We carefully avoid anything that would trigger a reserve for EPO approval, especially in the current context of those who operate the EPO. We avoid being involved in litigation over our authority, but we consider this to be an enforceable agreement. One of the reasons EV fans should be excited: the four automakers have expressly agreed to recognize California`s authority, including the state`s ambitious vehicle emissions program. The nearly 30-year-old program, adopted by 14 other states, requires anyone to sell vehicles in California to sell a number of electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, battery electric cars and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Automakers can also purchase «ZEV credits» from another manufacturer that exceeds their quota and thus meets their requirements.

The program has been touted as the main driver of new EV technologies. Under the California agreement, automakers, which together account for about 30% of the U.S. auto market, must increase their average fuel consumption from about 38 miles per gallon today to about 51 miles per gallon by 2026. By comparison, the Trump administration`s national rule on car emissions, which ended this spring, was removed from a 2012 rule that automakers` fleets must average 54 miles per gallon by 2025. Instead, fleets should only be about 40 miles per gallon. In a statement to NPR, Michael Abboud, spokesman for the Environmental Protection Agency, said, «The Trump administration is following a national standard and security for the entire automotive market that provides safe and affordable vehicles for consumers while improving environmental outcomes.» The Rules established by the Obama administration have required that the average fuel efficiency of vehicles increase to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025, starting in the 2017 model year. The state agreement requires the five signatory companies to meet a standard of about 50 miles per gallon by 2026.